Tens of millions of people around the world live their lives as foreign workers.
An oil boom in the Persian Gulf region (UAE, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, and Bahrain), created an unprecedented demand for labor in the oil, construction, and industrial sectors. Development demanded a labor force. This demand was met by foreign workers, primarily those from the Arab states, with a later shift to those from Asian countries. A rise in the standards of living for citizens of Middle Eastern countries also created a demand for domestic workers in the home.
Foreign workers have become a large percentage of the population in most nations in the Persian Gulf region. Growing competition with nationals in the job sector, along with complaints regarding the treatment of foreign workers, has led to rising tensions between the national and foreign populations in these nations.
Remittances are becoming a prominent source of external funding for countries that contribute foreign workers to the countries of the GCC. On average, the top recipients globally are Nepal, India, the Philippines, etc. In 2001, $72.3 billion was returned as remittances to the countries of origin of foreign workers, equivalent to 1.3% of the world GDP. The source of income remains beneficial as remittances are often more stable than private capital flows. Despite fluctuations in the economy of GCC countries, the amount of dollars in remittances is usually stable.
Nepalese workers are renowned for their loyalty, hard-working nature, discipline, the higher degree of devotion toward their work, high sense of responsibility and rare quality of adaptability to newer conditions. The procedure and formalities of recruiting Nepalese workers are simple.
Nepalese workers are comparatively more cost-effective and their hiring cost is lower compared to other labor-exporting countries.
Amongst the manpower exporting countries of the region, Nepal offers the most competitive salary, terms, and conditions of services.
Nepalese workers have experience and familiarity with extreme climatic conditions.
Nepalese workers are well known for their hard work, dedication, and loyalty
· The employers could get the advantage of a wider choice
· Every category of manpower are readily available
· Formalities and procedures for the recruitment are simple
The categories of manpower available in Nepal are broadly classified into four groups.
· Skilled Technicians
· Engineers of the different stream like the computer, civil, mechanical and chemical, etc.
· Medical doctors
· Scientist in various fields
· Professors/ Teachers in various fields